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作者(外文):H-W Shih
論文名稱(外文):Desire for Technology: Rereading Science Fiction and Beyond
指導教授(外文):Peng Yi
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人性之間微妙的關係。Nokia 的廣告詞「科技始終來自於人性」似乎又再度使「科
仿物劃分成三階段,從文藝復興,到工業革命,再進入後現代; 之中,三個要
Grounded in the French (postmodern high-tech social) thinker Jean
Baudrillard’s theory of simulacra, my thesis focuses on the concept of the “desire for
technology” to seek for an overall understanding of the relationship between
technology and human desire, based on critical readings of science fictions and
related materials. The slogan of Nokia’s commercial, “Technology always comes with
human desire,” is a starting point that never fails to bring out conflicting
interpretations of the human face of “technology” at some conferences in Taiwan.
Issues associated with technology and humanity are, therefore, highlighted in
academia. Based on a “here-and-now” perspective, Baudrillard points out the three
orders of simulacra that rethink the conception of “reality” and the objectiveness of
science in history. He classifies simulacra into three orders from the Renaissance
through the industrial revolution to the postmodern era. The dominant schemes in the
three orders are respectively counterfeit, production, and simulation. Similarly, my
study also focuses on the three stages to examine the procession of science fiction (SF)
and its earlier and later personifications, including the beginning, the developing, and
the culminating stages. All in all, fantasy literature (e.g., Ovid’s Metamorphoses)
belongs to the beginning stage. Science fiction (e.g., Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein)
belongs to the developing one. Lastly, technological theory belongs to the culminating
stage, namely, the expansion of traditional SF. Among the three stages, a Promethean
rebellion against God’s will, especially derived from Frankenstein, will announce the
death of Nature, disclose potential disasters in technology, and further stimulate us to
construct a human-centered technological utopia.
English Abstract vi
Chinese Abstract vii
Acknowledgments viii
Introduction 1
Chapter One: When Desire Meets Technology: From Jean Baudrillard’s “The
Orders of Simulacra” to Science Fiction 10
I. Three Orders of Simulacra 12
II. Critiques of Baudrillard’s Simulacra Theory 20
Notes 26
Chapter Two: A Trilogy of Desire for Technology in Frankenstein: From Fantasy
Literature through Science Fiction to Technological Theory 28
I. Fantasy Literature in Terms of the First Order of Simulacra:
Technological Desire in Ovid’s Metamorphoses 36
II. Science Fiction in Terms of the Second Order of Simulacra:
Technological Ambivalence in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein 44
III. Technological Theory in Terms of the Third Order of Simulacra:
Technological Practice in the Post-Industrial Society 65
IV. Conclusion 74
Notes 76
Conclusion 79
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